Sarojini naidu biography
Sarojini naidu biography


sarojini naidu biography | Sarojini Naidu biography in English | sarojini naidu biography books | Who is known as the Nightingale of India |top Sarojini naidu biography |Sarojini naidu biography essay

Sarojini Naidu biography


Mrs. Sarojini Naidu on February 13, 1879 at Hyderabad, the famous Indian scientist Dr.  Born to Aghor Nath Chattopadhyay, Sarojini was a mixture of mother Vardasundari’s literary interest, father’s acumen and self-respect. 

Mrs. Sarojini Naidu had the distinction of being the first woman Governor of India and the first Indian woman Congress President.  Her talent was multifaceted, in which there was the brilliance of the heroic woman, the simplicity of the housewife, the softness and grace of the poet, the organization ability of the leader,

the effectiveness of the speaker, the military readiness and the skill of the administrator.  Despite having such a hard working and struggling political life, the green of his heart never withered.  From childhood, Sarojini was of extraordinary intellect.

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Sarojini Naidu mother and father short biography intro


Sarojini Naidu’s (Sarojini naidu biography) mother’s name was Vardasundari. Her father was an advocate of women’s education associated with the Nizam College in Hyderabad.  His daughter made his statement very meaningful and she made Gandhi’s message resonant in every nook and corner of India through her melodious voice.  Indian society at that time was full of narrow-mindedness, but his father did not accept to bind his daughter to any boundaries. 

When the girl Sarojini displayed her inclination towards poetry instead of science and mathematics , her father encouraged the development of her innate qualities .  At the age of twelve, Sarojini passed her matriculation from Madras University.  At the age of thirteen, she astonished her parents by writing her 1300 lines poem ‘The Lady of the Lake’. 

After some time he wrote a 2000 line Persian play – ‘ Mehr Munir ‘, after printing many copies of which Shri Chattopadhyay distributed among his friends and also presented a copy to the Nizam of Hyderabad.  The Nizam of Hyderabad, impressed by Sarojini’s talent, gave her a scholarship to study abroad. In 1895, she went abroad and Sarojini studied for 3 years at King’s College and Cambridge University in London.

Due to this deteriorating health, she returned to India.  During his stay in England, he met the South Indian Dr.  Govind Rajulu Naidu.  Three months after returning to India, he married Dr. Duraan Naidu in an inter-caste love marriage.

Sarojini is a born poet.  Sarojini Naidu biography


Although Sarojini was a born poetess , she made a compromise between duty and poetry for the sake of the country .  Mrs. Naidu came to the political stage for the first time in 1913, while in the Muslim League session, she acted as a messenger of Hindu-Muslim unity and gave eloquent speeches.  After 3 years, in 1916, Sarojini Naidu, with exclusive cooperation from Mrs. Besant, demanded autonomy in her speech at the Congress session. At the very beginning of her political career, in 1916, when she met Gopalkrishna Gokhale, she inspired him with these words. 

He said, “Dedicate all your dream songs, thoughts and life ideals to Mother India, wake up the dormant mind of India, she got involved in the freedom struggle by taking the Rashtra Jagran Mantra in the form of despair in them.  He found that your poem will be meaningful only after removing the darkness of Congress and filling it with the light of hope.  Women’s organizations were instrumental in bringing political awareness among them.

Bharat Stree Mahamandal, founded in Calcutta in 1910 by Saraladevi Chowdhury, Indian Women’s Organization founded by Margaret Kanzis in 1917, Women’s Home Rule League founded by Mrs. Annie Besant and Bombay Presidency Women’s Association and Mahila University founded by Lady Tata in 1918, founded by Karve  Gaya , created an awakening among the enlightened women class .

 In 1917, Annie Besant became the first woman president of Congress.  Under his chairmanship, Congress passed a resolution demanding that women should also be given the same franchise as men and it should be tested that in what capacity women can work in elected bodies related to local government and education. Sarojini naidu biography cover all top list of her life.

Effect of Sarojini Naidu’s meeting with Montagu and Viceroy Lord Chelmsford on Sarojini Naidu biography

Impressed by all these women’s progress works, Mrs. Naidu on 18 December 1917 asked some prominent women Dr.  Muthulakshmi Reddy, Dhanwanthi Rama Rao, Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay, Lady Sadashiv Iyer, Mrs. Srirangamma, Mrs. Chandrasekhar Iyer, Mrs. Dalvi, Mrs. Hirabai Tata, Begum Hasrat Mohani, Mrs. Guruswamy Chetty, Mrs. Annie Besant, Mrs. Margaret Kanzis, Miss. 

Meeting Mr. Montagu and the Viceroy Lord Chelmsford, leading the delegation of Jinrajdasa, made a strong demand for voting rights for Indian women.  It was to understand the Indian situation that the South Borough Franchise Committee was appointed.  Signed applications of 800 women were presented before this committee, in which the demand for women’s suffrage was presented again.  The said committee decided that there is no conducive environment for giving women the right to vote in India.

In response , in 1919 the leadership of Mrs. Sarojini Naidu , Mrs. Besant and Mrs. Hirabai Tata reiterated their demand before the Parliament of England Committee .  Simultaneously, in support of this, a huge meeting of women was organized in Bombay.

Demand for women’s suffrage by Smt. Sarojini Naidu | Sarojini naidu biography

Demanding women’s suffrage, the government gave its approval regarding giving franchise to women in the legislative assemblies of 11 famous leaders of England.  The result of all these efforts was that in 1921 he was allowed to be elected by voting.  In Madras Legislative Assembly in 1921 , United Provinces in 1923 , Bengal in 1925 , Punjab in 1926 , Central Provinces in 1927 and newly elected members of Bihar Legislative Assembly in 1929 accepted women ‘s suffrage . 

Thus, for the first time in the history of India, women got the right to take an active part in politics.  Sarojini Naidu met Gandhi in 1918.  When Gandhiji started the Satyagraha movement in 1919, Mrs. Naidu was also among those who took the oath of becoming a Satyagrahi.  After that, for the promotion of Satyagraha movement, she went to places like Bombay, Madras, Ahmedabad etc., where she inspired women to display their rebellion against the Rowlatt Act and by giving information about the truth of Jallianwala and the suppression of British in the heinous massacre to women of India. 

He was invited by giving speeches from place to place for active entry in the freedom movement.  He quietly sold the literature banned by the British government.  Organized Satyagraha from place to place.  In 1920, she went to England for recovery due to heart disease.  Despite his ill health, he gave bold and factual speeches at Kingsley Hall in London on the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, police atrocities on women in Punjab in the implementation of Montreal Act.  The audience of London was stunned by his oratory skills and his patriotic work was praised in his suppressed tongue.

Sarojini naidu biography

Punjab issue in the Parliament of England | Sarojini naidu biography


He participated in the debate on the Punjab issue in the Parliament of England.  By meeting other participants and giving authentic facts, she was successful in attracting everyone’s attention.  Mrs. Naidu participated in the International Conference held in Geneva in the same year. 

She returned to India only in 1920.  In the non-cooperation movement, he contributed to the work of Gandhiji.  Mrs Naidu pacified the agitated crowd at several places in the Bombay riots on the arrival of the Prince of Wales in 1921 .  He returned the ‘Kesare Hind Medal’ received in the same context to the government.  When Gandhiji was arrested in 1922, he gave a message for Sarojini Naidu. 

“In your hands I confidently entrust the burden of India’s unity.’ Again in 1922 she went to Ceylon (Sri Lanka) for recovery, where she threw light on the causes of the Indian independence movement. In 1924 she went to survey the plight of Indians.  She went to South Africa, where she presided over the East African Congress and inspired them to struggle to get the government to demand their rights. In the 48th session of the Congress of 1925 in Kanpur,

she was elected the first Indian woman president, in 1926 she  Was re-elected president for the second time. In 1928 she went to America, where she gave speeches in about 200 meetings and introduced the people there about the condition of India.

The visit of Mrs. Sarojini Naidu to England in 1929


In 1929 she went to England, where she met the members of the Government of England.  After returning to India in 1929, the first provincial United Provinces Youth Conference was held.  Headed by a great personality. 

In his presidential speech, he inspired the youth to do their best for the movement.  She was arrested on 21 May 1930 for breaking the Salt Law and released on 5 March 1931 under the Gandhi – Irwin Pact .  She went to London with Gandhiji and Malaviya as a women’s representative to participate in the Second Round Table Conference in 1931.  After Gandhi’s arrest, she actively pursued the activities of the movement as the acting president of the Indian National Congress and was arrested on May 20, 1932.  She was released from prison after a year due to ill health . 

When the activities of the freedom movement were promoted by Gandhiji, he did service work in the Kasturba Gandhi Trust and other rural public awareness works.  She was arrested on 8 August 1942 and kept in prison in the Aga Khan Palace along with other prominent leaders .  Due to fasting in 1942, Gandhiji’s health became very worrying.  Sarojini Naidu, a very dear disciple of Gandhiji, worked day and night to complete the service.  Gandhiji recovered well , but Sarojini ,

who was already suffering from heart disease , became more ill .  The jail authorities released him prematurely due to ill health .  In this way, following the orders of Gandhiji, she struggled in the freedom movement. Sarojini naidu biography

first Governor of Uttar Pradesh and  death of Smt. Sarojini Naidu

In 1948, she became the first governor of Uttar Pradesh.  As governor, he showed his administrative ability unparalleled.  She was very funny and friendly.  She did not miss to joke with the elders.  She used to address Gandhiji as Mickey Mouse, Nehruji as the handsome prince, Sardar Patel as ‘Vardoli’s bull’ and Shri Kripalani as the male skeleton.  He was awarded the title of Bharat Nightingale.  Smt. Sarojini Naidu with simple life, karma, service, spirit of sacrifice, loving heart has lit such a lamp of Sukirti behind her, which will continue to give light to the countrymen for centuries.  On March 2, 1949, she became Paralokavasini.

sarojini naidu biography books | Sarojini naidu biography


Songs of India – With an Introduction by Edmund Gosse Sarojini Naidu
The Broken Wing: Songs of Love, Death & Destiny, 1915-1916 Sarojini Naidu
Palanquin Bearers
The Bird of Time: Songs of Life, Death & the Spring Sarojini Naidu
Speeches and Writings of Sarojini Naidu
The Golden ThresholdIn the Bazaars of Hyderabad

sarojini naidu biography books Summary


Songs of India – With an Introduction by Edmund Gosse Sarojini Naidu

The songs of India have kept their lovers sweet in the long years of their separation;  they have been the wine of life to the nomad in the wilderness;  they have been the solace of the exile;  they have been the red fire of battles;  they have quickened the blood of the reveller;  they have been the incense of the quiet hours of prayer;  they have been the dirge of death. 

They have been the voice of the country, the whisper of the rain among the grass, the whisper of the wind among the leaves, the whisper of the tides among the sand, the whisper of the sunshine among the flowers, the whisper of the thunder  among the clouds, the whisper of the stars among the Heavens, the whisper

The Broken Wing: Songs of Love, Death & Destiny, 1915-1916 Sarojini Naidu

Sarojini naidu biography The songs of love, death and destiny, of love and desire and longing, of love and despair and heartbreak, of love and life and faith and hope, of love and passion and joy and sorrow, of love and war and peace and longing and  learning, of love and laughter and tears and music and silence, of love and friendship and betrayal and devotion and loss, of love and the endless possibilities and the endless realities, of love and the unending human journey.  The songs of India.  The songs of India.  The songs of India.

The Bird of Time: Songs of Life, Death & the Spring Sarojini Naidu

The bird of life song in the young leaves, but in the autumn he was a wailing in the breeze, he was the crying of the wind among trees.  In the winter he was a lonely echo, in the spring he woke up the flowers, he was a singing of the morning.  In the autumn, he was a song in the garden, he was a lover of the moon and the nightingales.  The bird of time sang in this world, but in the other world he sat

Speeches and Writings of Sarojini NaiduSarojini naidu biography


Speeches and Writings of Sarojini Naidu The speeches and writings of Sarojini Naidu, the first woman to be elected to the Indian Parliament, one of the most prominent Indian women of her time, and one of the most prominent women of the Indian independence movement.  In these speeches and writings, Naidu, a Bengali Brahmin, addresses a variety of topics, from the importance of education to the virtues of female independence.  This section will primarily feature Naidu’s speeches and writings, but will also feature some of her poems, which were originally written in Bengali.  Some of these poems have been translated from Bengali and will be translated into English.

The Golden Threshold poem by Sarojini Naidu,

the first woman to be elected to the Indian Parliament, one of the most prominent Indian women of her time, and one of the most prominent women of the Indian independence movement.  In this poem, Naidu, a Bengali Brahmin, addresses the importance of female education.  She argues that women should be educated so that they can empower themselves and break the cycle of poverty that they are born into, rather than wasting their talents on a life of domestic servitude to men.  Naidu urges young women not to allow the expectations of society to limit them, but to be bold and ambitious, so that they can achieve great things and make a difference to the world.

Palanquin Bearers – Sarojini naidu biography

The palanquin bearers, who are carrying a royal bride in a palanquin, are singing a song while they are moving.  The song is related to the situation of the bride.  The bride is about to get married, and she is feeling nervous but excited.  The song is a traditional song that is usually sung when the bride is being carried in a palanquin.

Sarojini Naidu biography in English

Sarojini naidu biography, also known as Nari, was a writer, poet, orator and stateswoman of India.  She was the first woman president of the Indian National Congress and the first female president of the Indian National Congress to address the nation.  Sarojini was known for her oratory skills, and was called the ‘Defender of the Weak’ for her work in the Indian independence movement.  Born into a prosperous Naidu family of Madras Presidency in 1879, she was educated in Madras and at home by governesses.
Sarojini Naidu, also known as Queen Mother, was the first woman to become the Chief Minister of a state in India. 

She was the first woman to become a Cabinet Minister in the central government of India.  She was also the first woman to become the President of the Indian National Congress.  She was one of the most influential politicians of India.
In the early 20th century, India was a British colony.  The British government was run by a group of people called the British Raj.  The head of the British Raj in India was a man called Lord Mountbatten.  He was the last British viceroy of India.


Lord Mountbatten was very excited when he heard that India was going to get its own government.  He was never going to be in charge of a country again.  He had been the last viceroy of India for almost five years.  When the British left India, Lord Mountbatten took a lot of people with him, including all of his servants.

Who is known as the Nightingale of India?


Sarojini Naidu, popularly known as Nightingale of India, was a social reformer, poet and politician.  She is best remembered for her contribution as a leader of women’s rights movement in India. 

One of the most prominent leaders of the Indian Independence Movement, Naidu served as President of the Indian National Congress, the first woman to do so.  She was the first Indian woman to become the mayor of a city, President of the Indian National Congress, and the first woman to become the Governor of a State.


The name “Nightingale of India” (Sarojini naidu biography) was first used to refer to Sarojini Naidu.  She was known for her fiery speeches that would electrify crowds.  She was also called “the Joan of Arc of the Indian freedom movement”.  Even today, many people are unaware of her role in the independence movement.

What is the Meaning of Nightingale of India in Hindi

Sarojini naidu biography

Meaning of Nightingale of India in Hindi is भारत की कोकिला


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